Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Accounting, Ayandegan Institute of Higher Education, Tonekabon, Iran.

2 Department of Management, Ayandegan Institute of Higher Education, Tonekabon, Iran.



Purpose: Creative and innovative human resources have a tremendous impact on the survival and improvement of the organization. Management has to pave the way for creativity and innovation. The current research seeks to explain one of the main reasons for the problem of creativity and innovation in Iran's big-size state-owned enterprises with the help of a metaphor (here, Procrustes' bed metaphor).

Methodology: This research has been done in a descriptive-survey way. A questionnaire containing six questions with a Likert scale was designed to investigate the current situation using the help of human resources experts and the Delphi method. Questionnaires were distributed among experts and experts in charge of five big-size state-owned companies, and finally, 124 questionnaires were analyzed descriptively.

Findings: The research findings show that in Iran's state-owned enterprises, the Procrustes bed has become a desk in companies; The freedom of action to present creative and innovative ideas, the possibility of implementing innovative ideas, welcoming new ideas, supportive management, offering rewards to new ideas, and overall, satisfaction with the current state are in an unfavorable situation.

Originality/Value: Following the social sciences and especially structuring and problem-solving approaches, we believe that knowing the problem is the first and most crucial step in solving a problem. Based on this, we introduced Procrustes' bed metaphor in this research to understand the existing problem.