Document Type : Original Article


Department of Computer Sciences, Birjand University of Technology, Birjand, Iran.


Purpose: Due to the outbreak of Coronavirus 2019 and the need for social distancing, virtual education, and online exams have replaced face-to-face education. Thus, the prevalence of corona has led to considering virtual (electronic) education as a necessity in many countries. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of virtual education on students' learning.
Methodology: This research collected library information using written and electronic scientific texts. Also, the researcher has considered a questionnaire with 55 questions and 15 components to assess teachers 'views and opinions on students' learning in virtual education. This study considered the first secondary schools in Birjand, and 240 teachers were selected as a sample. The data collection method was an online questionnaire, and random sampling was done. SPSS and PLS software have been used to analyze the data.
Findings: Results show that virtual education does not significantly affect students' learning (P ≤ 0.05). However, virtual education negatively impacts religious growth and moral development, economic and professional education, scientific and technological development, social and political education, biological and physical education, teacher role, educational environment, and evaluation. Virtual education positively affects the appropriateness of content and resources, the role of family and environment, information and communication technology and smart tools, educational materials, and training time. Despite the advantages of virtual education over face-to-face education, virtual education does not affect students' learning. The best educational method combines both approaches.
Originality/Value: In the context of the coronavirus epidemic, educational classes are conducted virtually, and students experience this educational method. Hence, the study of the effect of virtual education on students' learning seems essential. This article examines the impact of e-learning on various components of students' learning. Education experts, teachers, and school principals can use the study results.


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