Document Type : original-application paper


1 Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Unit, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Wood and Paper Industry Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Science and Research Unit, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


Purpose: The current research aims to determine job stress and satisfaction among university faculty members in Tehran and investigate the relationship between these two indicators.
Methodology: This research is among the cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical studies. The sample consisted of 52 faculty members of a university in Tehran province whose names were not disclosed due to confidentiality. The research instruments include a personal-job information questionnaire, a job satisfaction questionnaire, and the Steinmetz Job Stress Survey. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis.
Findings: The results indicate a significant negative correlation between job satisfaction and job stress among faculty members, meaning that as job satisfaction increases, stress decreases and vice versa. Job satisfaction among faculty members was moderate. Additionally, faculty members, direct supervisors, and colleagues were significantly satisfied with the nature of their work, while they were significantly dissatisfied with their salaries and benefits. Job stress among faculty members was relatively low. Full professors had higher job satisfaction than associate professors.
Originality/Value: University faculty members significantly shape the culture and advance knowledge for future generations. Therefore, efforts should be made to enhance job satisfaction and reduce stress. By implementing identified strategies, organizational excellence in universities should be facilitated through attention to human resources, which are considered national assets.


  • Kaviani, H., & Khaghanizade, M. (2007). The relationship between burnout and mental health among nurses. Tehran university medical journal TUMS publications65(6), 65-75. (In Persion).
  • Arikan, F., Köksal, C. D., & Gökçe, Ç. (2007). Work‐related stress, burnout, and job satisfaction of dialysis nurses in association with perceived relations with professional contacts.Dialysis & transplantation36(4), 182-191.
  • Arizisamani, H. (2004). Reliability and validation of andrews and witty's job satisfaction questionnaire. Knowledge and research in applied psychology, 16, 55-68. (In Persian).
  • Attar, H. (1995). The relationship between job stress and job satisfaction and mental health of an industrial complex. Journal of psychology and educational sciences of thought and behavior, 7, 69. (In Persian).
  • Chegini, S., Nikpour, B., & Bagheri Yazdi, A. (2002). Epidemiology of mental disorders in Qom. Journal of Babol university of medical sciences, 4(3), 44-50.
  • Barzideh, M., Choobineh, A., & Tabatabaei, S. (2013). Job stress dimensions and their relationship to general health status in nurses. Occupational medicine quarterly journal4(3), 17-27. (In Persian)
  • Klein, C. J., Dalstrom, M., Lizer, S., Cooling, M., Pierce, L., & Weinzimmer, L. G. (2020). Advanced practice provider perspectives on organizational strategies for work stress reduction. Western journal of nursing research42(9), 708-717.
  • Etemadi, S., Hosseinian, S., Yazdi, S. M., & Shahidi, M. (2007). Job stress relation with aspects of job satisfaction comparation in CCU nurses and heart division’s nurses in Iran and Tehran medical universities. Occupational and organizational consulting magazine, 1, 13-24. (In Persian).
  • Evans, S., Huxley, P., Gately, C., Webber, M., Mears, A., Pajak, S., ... & Katona, C. (2006). Mental health, burnout and job satisfaction among mental health social workers in England and Wales. The British journal of psychiatry188(1), 75-80.‏
  • Gholipour, A. (2012). Human resource management (concepts, theories and applications). Samt Publication. (In Persian).
  • Malik, N. A., & Björkqvist, K. (2018). Occupational stress and mental and musculoskeletal health among university teachers. Eurasian journal of medical investigation2(3), 139-147.
  • Nourbala, A. (2011). Psychosocial health and strategies for improvement. Iranian journal of psychiatry and clinical psychology, 17(2), 151-156. (In Persian).
  • Nourbala, A., Mohammad, K., Bagheriyazdi, S., & Yasemi, M. (2002). Psychological health surveillance in 15-year-old and older in Islamic Republic of Iran in 1999. Nashriye-hakim, 5(1), 1-10. (In Persian).
  • Pirboneh, M., Karimi, S., Jafari, H. R., & Panahi, D. (2021). Examination of occupational stress and its connection with muscular-skeletal disorders among the employees of construction industry in the city of Tehran. Journal of environmental studies47(1), 111-124. (In Persian).
  • Pymanpak, F., Mansour, L., Sadeghi. M. A., & Pourebrahim, T. (2012). The relationship of job stress with marital satisfaction and mental health in nurses of Tehran hospitals. Quarterly journal of career & organizational counseling, 4(13), 7-54. (In Persian).
  • Rezaei, L., & Saatchi, M. (2008). Relationship between effective human factors efficiency approach and the leadership method with organizational commitment in Iranian telecommunication factory’s employees. Knowledge and research in psychology, 10(37), 129-146. (In Persian).
  • Rezghi Shirsavar, H., Samadzadeh, M., & Asgharpor, M. (2014). Examine the relationship between job stress, health, intelligence, job satisfaction and employee performance, Islamic Azad University Shahre Ghods. Journal of cultural management8(23), 107-121. (In Persian).
  • Safari, Sh., Habibi, E., Dehghan, H., Mehki, B., & Hassanzadeh, A. (2012). Job stress, education and work ability in refinery workers. Occupational medicine, 5(3), 1-10. (In Persian).
  • Stephen, P. R. (2022). Organization theory: organizational structure and plan [Translated by Alvani, C. M., Danaeifard, H.]. Safar Publication. (In Persian).
  • Vaisi, M., Atef, M. K., & Mansour Rezaei, V. (2000). The effect of occupational stress on job satisfaction and mental health: the moderating effect of hardiness and social support. Thought & behavior in clinical psychology, 6(2/3), 70-78. (In Persian).
  • Yousefi, S., Nayebzadeh, S., & Eslami, H. (2015). The effects of job stress on accountants job satisfaction. Iran occupational health, 12(3), 46-53. (In Persian).
  • Zahiri, H. (2006). Evaluation of entrepreneurship potential of Tehran’s educated youths and effective societal parameters on it. Work and society, 69/70, 53-73. (In Persian).