نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه ریاضی کاربردی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران. ایران.

2 گروه اقتصاد، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران.

10.22105/imos.2021.278942.1039

چکیده

هدف: دامپینگ یا همان بازارشکنی به‌عنوان یکی از نتایج منفی تجارت آزاد می‌باشد و زمانی رخ می‌­دهد که صادرکننده خارجی کالایی را باقیمتی پایین‌تر از قیمت فروش همان کالا یا کالای مشابه در بازار داخلی خود، در بازار کشور دیگر به فروش برساند. برای بررسی مسئله دامپینگ رویکردهای فراوانی به کار گرفته می‌شود که یکی از این رویکردها نظریه بازی‌هاست که در این مقاله به‌کاررفته است.
روش‌شناسی پژوهش: نظریه بازی یکی از پدیده‌های پیشرفته علمی است که چارچوب‌های مستحکمی برای رفتارهای استراتژیک فراهم آورده است. ازآنجاکه برای رفع مشکلات و مسائل تجاری نیاز به داده­های فراوانی بوده و با توجه به این‌که داده‌ها در دنیای واقعی معمولاً شامل عدم قطعیت هستند؛ بنابراین به‌کارگیری روش‌های قطعی در محیط نادقیق واقعی برای تصمیم­سازی بهینه مناسب نخواهد بود. ازاین‌رو، این مقاله بر آن است تا بررسی مسائل دامپینگ و ضد دامپینگ در روابط تجاری کشورها به کمک نظریه بازی­ها در محیط عدم قطعیت خاکستری بپردازد.
یافته‌ها: دامپینگ به‌عنوان یکی از نمونه‌های رقابت ناسالم و نامشروع در عرصه تجاری کشورها خسارتی را به بخش‌های تولیدی کشورهای درحال‌توسعه وارد می‌کند. ازآنجایی‌که رقابت سالم در بازار یک کالا باعث مطلوبیت و کاهش قیمت آن کالا می‌گردد، شکل‌گیری رقابت سالم نیازمند وجود خط‌مشی و سیاست مناسب می‌باشد تا بنگاه‌های تجاری توانایی بقا در بازار رقابتی را داشته باشند یا در بازارهای مذکور تقویت گردند.
اصالت/ارزش‌افزوده علمی: نظریه بازی‌ها یکی از زمینه‌های کاربردی است که در حوزه تصمیم‌گیری و اقتصادی رشد کرده و نظر محققان زیادی را به خود جلب کرده است، بهره بردن از این تئوری می‌تواند به دانش حاضر در خصوص کاربرد بیشتر این تئوری در شرایط اقتصادی کشور یاری‌رسان باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

A New Approach to The Economic Problem of Dumping Based on Game Theory with Grey Parameters

نویسندگان [English]

  • Davood Darvishi Selokolayi 1
  • Samira Heydari Gorji 2

1 Department of Mathematics, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Economics, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Purpose: Dumping is one of the negative results of free trade and occurs when a foreign exporter sells a commodity at a lower price than the selling price of the same commodity or similar commodity in its domestic market in another country's market. Many approaches are used to investigate the problem of dumping, one of which is game theory, which is used in this article.
Methodology: Game theory is one of the advanced scientific phenomena that has provided a solid framework for strategic behaviors. Whereas a lot of data is needed to solve business problems and issues, and given that real-world data usually involves uncertainty; Therefore, using definite methods in a real inaccurate environment will not be suitable for optimal decision making. Therefore, this article intends to study the issues of dumping and anti-dumping in the trade relations of countries with the help of game theory in the environment of gray uncertainty.
Findings: Dumping as an example of unhealthy and illegitimate competition in the trade arena of countries causes damage to the productive sectors of developing countries. Since healthy competition in the market of a product leads to the desirability and reduction of the price of that product, the formation of healthy competition requires appropriate policies and policies in order for businesses to be able to survive in a competitive market or be strengthened in those markets.
Originality/Value: Game theory is one of the applied fields that has grown in the field of decision making and economics and has attracted the attention of many researchers. Utilizing this theory can help the current knowledge about the further application of this theory in the economic conditions of the country.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dumping
  • anti-dumping
  • game theory
  • Gray system theory
  • Gray game theory
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